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Bob The Magic Custodian



Summary: Everyone knows that when you give your assets to someone else, they always keep them safe. If this is true for individuals, it is certainly true for businesses.
Custodians always tell the truth and manage funds properly. They won't have any interest in taking the assets as an exchange operator would. Auditors tell the truth and can't be misled. That's because organizations that are regulated are incapable of lying and don't make mistakes.

First, some background. Here is a summary of how custodians make us more secure:

Previously, we might give Alice our crypto assets to hold. There were risks:

But "no worries", Alice has a custodian named Bob. Bob is dressed in a nice suit. He knows some politicians. And he drives a Porsche. "So you have nothing to worry about!". And look at all the benefits we get:
See - all problems are solved! All we have to worry about now is:
It's pretty simple. Before we had to trust Alice. Now we only have to trust Alice, Bob, and all the ways in which they communicate. Just think of how much more secure we are!

"On top of that", Bob assures us, "we're using a special wallet structure". Bob shows Alice a diagram. "We've broken the balance up and store it in lots of smaller wallets. That way", he assures her, "a thief can't take it all at once". And he points to a historic case where a large sum was taken "because it was stored in a single wallet... how stupid".
"Very early on, we used to have all the crypto in one wallet", he said, "and then one Christmas a hacker came and took it all. We call him the Grinch. Now we individually wrap each crypto and stick it under a binary search tree. The Grinch has never been back since."

"As well", Bob continues, "even if someone were to get in, we've got insurance. It covers all thefts and even coercion, collusion, and misplaced keys - only subject to the policy terms and conditions." And with that, he pulls out a phone-book sized contract and slams it on the desk with a thud. "Yep", he continues, "we're paying top dollar for one of the best policies in the country!"
"Can I read it?' Alice asks. "Sure," Bob says, "just as soon as our legal team is done with it. They're almost through the first chapter." He pauses, then continues. "And can you believe that sales guy Mike? He has the same year Porsche as me. I mean, what are the odds?"

"Do you use multi-sig?", Alice asks. "Absolutely!" Bob replies. "All our engineers are fully trained in multi-sig. Whenever we want to set up a new wallet, we generate 2 separate keys in an air-gapped process and store them in this proprietary system here. Look, it even requires the biometric signature from one of our team members to initiate any withdrawal." He demonstrates by pressing his thumb into the display. "We use a third-party cloud validation API to match the thumbprint and authorize each withdrawal. The keys are also backed up daily to an off-site third-party."
"Wow that's really impressive," Alice says, "but what if we need access for a withdrawal outside of office hours?" "Well that's no issue", Bob says, "just send us an email, call, or text message and we always have someone on staff to help out. Just another part of our strong commitment to all our customers!"

"What about Proof of Reserve?", Alice asks. "Of course", Bob replies, "though rather than publish any blockchain addresses or signed transaction, for privacy we just do a SHA256 refactoring of the inverse hash modulus for each UTXO nonce and combine the smart contract coefficient consensus in our hyperledger lightning node. But it's really simple to use." He pushes a button and a large green checkmark appears on a screen. "See - the algorithm ran through and reserves are proven."
"Wow", Alice says, "you really know your stuff! And that is easy to use! What about fiat balances?" "Yeah, we have an auditor too", Bob replies, "Been using him for a long time so we have quite a strong relationship going! We have special books we give him every year and he's very efficient! Checks the fiat, crypto, and everything all at once!"

"We used to have a nice offline multi-sig setup we've been using without issue for the past 5 years, but I think we'll move all our funds over to your facility," Alice says. "Awesome", Bob replies, "Thanks so much! This is perfect timing too - my Porsche got a dent on it this morning. We have the paperwork right over here." "Great!", Alice replies.
And with that, Alice gets out her pen and Bob gets the contract. "Don't worry", he says, "you can take your crypto-assets back anytime you like - just subject to our cancellation policy. Our annual management fees are also super low and we don't adjust them often".

How many holes have to exist for your funds to get stolen?
Just one.

Why are we taking a powerful offline multi-sig setup, widely used globally in hundreds of different/lacking regulatory environments with 0 breaches to date, and circumventing it by a demonstrably weak third party layer? And paying a great expense to do so?
If you go through the list of breaches in the past 2 years to highly credible organizations, you go through the list of major corporate frauds (only the ones we know about), you go through the list of all the times platforms have lost funds, you go through the list of times and ways that people have lost their crypto from identity theft, hot wallet exploits, extortion, etc... and then you go through this custodian with a fine-tooth comb and truly believe they have value to add far beyond what you could, sticking your funds in a wallet (or set of wallets) they control exclusively is the absolute worst possible way to take advantage of that security.

The best way to add security for crypto-assets is to make a stronger multi-sig. With one custodian, what you are doing is giving them your cryptocurrency and hoping they're honest, competent, and flawlessly secure. It's no different than storing it on a really secure exchange. Maybe the insurance will cover you. Didn't work for Bitpay in 2015. Didn't work for Yapizon in 2017. Insurance has never paid a claim in the entire history of cryptocurrency. But maybe you'll get lucky. Maybe your exact scenario will buck the trend and be what they're willing to cover. After the large deductible and hopefully without a long and expensive court battle.

And you want to advertise this increase in risk, the lapse of judgement, an accident waiting to happen, as though it's some kind of benefit to customers ("Free institutional-grade storage for your digital assets.")? And then some people are writing to the OSC that custodians should be mandatory for all funds on every exchange platform? That this somehow will make Canadians as a whole more secure or better protected compared with standard air-gapped multi-sig? On what planet?

Most of the problems in Canada stemmed from one thing - a lack of transparency. If Canadians had known what a joke Quadriga was - it wouldn't have grown to lose $400m from hard-working Canadians from coast to coast to coast. And Gerald Cotten would be in jail, not wherever he is now (at best, rotting peacefully). EZ-BTC and mister Dave Smilie would have been a tiny little scam to his friends, not a multi-million dollar fraud. Einstein would have got their act together or been shut down BEFORE losing millions and millions more in people's funds generously donated to criminals. MapleChange wouldn't have even been a thing. And maybe we'd know a little more about CoinTradeNewNote - like how much was lost in there. Almost all of the major losses with cryptocurrency exchanges involve deception with unbacked funds.
So it's great to see transparency reports from BitBuy and ShakePay where someone independently verified the backing. The only thing we don't have is:
It's not complicated to validate cryptocurrency assets. They need to exist, they need to be spendable, and they need to cover the total balances. There are plenty of credible people and firms across the country that have the capacity to reasonably perform this validation. Having more frequent checks by different, independent, parties who publish transparent reports is far more valuable than an annual check by a single "more credible/official" party who does the exact same basic checks and may or may not publish anything. Here's an example set of requirements that could be mandated:
There are ways to structure audits such that neither crypto assets nor customer information are ever put at risk, and both can still be properly validated and publicly verifiable. There are also ways to structure audits such that they are completely reasonable for small platforms and don't inhibit innovation in any way. By making the process as reasonable as possible, we can completely eliminate any reason/excuse that an honest platform would have for not being audited. That is arguable far more important than any incremental improvement we might get from mandating "the best of the best" accountants. Right now we have nothing mandated and tons of Canadians using offshore exchanges with no oversight whatsoever.

Transparency does not prove crypto assets are safe. CoinTradeNewNote, Flexcoin ($600k), and Canadian Bitcoins ($100k) are examples where crypto-assets were breached from platforms in Canada. All of them were online wallets and used no multi-sig as far as any records show. This is consistent with what we see globally - air-gapped multi-sig wallets have an impeccable record, while other schemes tend to suffer breach after breach. We don't actually know how much CoinTrader lost because there was no visibility. Rather than publishing details of what happened, the co-founder of CoinTrader silently moved on to found another platform - the "most trusted way to buy and sell crypto" - a site that has no information whatsoever (that I could find) on the storage practices and a FAQ advising that “[t]rading cryptocurrency is completely safe” and that having your own wallet is “entirely up to you! You can certainly keep cryptocurrency, or fiat, or both, on the app.” Doesn't sound like much was learned here, which is really sad to see.
It's not that complicated or unreasonable to set up a proper hardware wallet. Multi-sig can be learned in a single course. Something the equivalent complexity of a driver's license test could prevent all the cold storage exploits we've seen to date - even globally. Platform operators have a key advantage in detecting and preventing fraud - they know their customers far better than any custodian ever would. The best job that custodians can do is to find high integrity individuals and train them to form even better wallet signatories. Rather than mandating that all platforms expose themselves to arbitrary third party risks, regulations should center around ensuring that all signatories are background-checked, properly trained, and using proper procedures. We also need to make sure that signatories are empowered with rights and responsibilities to reject and report fraud. They need to know that they can safely challenge and delay a transaction - even if it turns out they made a mistake. We need to have an environment where mistakes are brought to the surface and dealt with. Not one where firms and people feel the need to hide what happened. In addition to a knowledge-based test, an auditor can privately interview each signatory to make sure they're not in coercive situations, and we should make sure they can freely and anonymously report any issues without threat of retaliation.
A proper multi-sig has each signature held by a separate person and is governed by policies and mutual decisions instead of a hierarchy. It includes at least one redundant signature. For best results, 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7.

History has demonstrated over and over again the risk of hot wallets even to highly credible organizations. Nonetheless, many platforms have hot wallets for convenience. While such losses are generally compensated by platforms without issue (for example Poloniex, Bitstamp, Bitfinex, Gatecoin, Coincheck, Bithumb, Zaif, CoinBene, Binance, Bitrue, Bitpoint, Upbit, VinDAX, and now KuCoin), the public tends to focus more on cases that didn't end well. Regardless of what systems are employed, there is always some level of risk. For that reason, most members of the public would prefer to see third party insurance.
Rather than trying to convince third party profit-seekers to provide comprehensive insurance and then relying on an expensive and slow legal system to enforce against whatever legal loopholes they manage to find each and every time something goes wrong, insurance could be run through multiple exchange operators and regulators, with the shared interest of having a reputable industry, keeping costs down, and taking care of Canadians. For example, a 4 of 7 multi-sig insurance fund held between 5 independent exchange operators and 2 regulatory bodies. All Canadian exchanges could pay premiums at a set rate based on their needed coverage, with a higher price paid for hot wallet coverage (anything not an air-gapped multi-sig cold wallet). Such a model would be much cheaper to manage, offer better coverage, and be much more reliable to payout when needed. The kind of coverage you could have under this model is unheard of. You could even create something like the CDIC to protect Canadians who get their trading accounts hacked if they can sufficiently prove the loss is legitimate. In cases of fraud, gross negligence, or insolvency, the fund can be used to pay affected users directly (utilizing the last transparent balance report in the worst case), something which private insurance would never touch. While it's recommended to have official policies for coverage, a model where members vote would fully cover edge cases. (Could be similar to the Supreme Court where justices vote based on case law.)
Such a model could fully protect all Canadians across all platforms. You can have a fiat coverage governed by legal agreements, and crypto-asset coverage governed by both multi-sig and legal agreements. It could be practical, affordable, and inclusive.

Now, we are at a crossroads. We can happily give up our freedom, our innovation, and our money. We can pay hefty expenses to auditors, lawyers, and regulators year after year (and make no mistake - this cost will grow to many millions or even billions as the industry grows - and it will be borne by all Canadians on every platform because platforms are not going to eat up these costs at a loss). We can make it nearly impossible for any new platform to enter the marketplace, forcing Canadians to use the same stagnant platforms year after year. We can centralize and consolidate the entire industry into 2 or 3 big players and have everyone else fail (possibly to heavy losses of users of those platforms). And when a flawed security model doesn't work and gets breached, we can make it even more complicated with even more people in suits making big money doing the job that blockchain was supposed to do in the first place. We can build a system which is so intertwined and dependent on big government, traditional finance, and central bankers that it's future depends entirely on that of the fiat system, of fractional banking, and of government bail-outs. If we choose this path, as history has shown us over and over again, we can not go back, save for revolution. Our children and grandchildren will still be paying the consequences of what we decided today.
Or, we can find solutions that work. We can maintain an open and innovative environment while making the adjustments we need to make to fully protect Canadian investors and cryptocurrency users, giving easy and affordable access to cryptocurrency for all Canadians on the platform of their choice, and creating an environment in which entrepreneurs and problem solvers can bring those solutions forward easily. None of the above precludes innovation in any way, or adds any unreasonable cost - and these three policies would demonstrably eliminate or resolve all 109 historic cases as studied here - that's every single case researched so far going back to 2011. It includes every loss that was studied so far not just in Canada but globally as well.
Unfortunately, finding answers is the least challenging part. Far more challenging is to get platform operators and regulators to agree on anything. My last post got no response whatsoever, and while the OSC has told me they're happy for industry feedback, I believe my opinion alone is fairly meaningless. This takes the whole community working together to solve. So please let me know your thoughts. Please take the time to upvote and share this with people. Please - let's get this solved and not leave it up to other people to do.

Facts/background/sources (skip if you like):



Thoughts?
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaInitiative [link] [comments]

RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK

RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador

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ABSTRACT

In this research report, we present a study on Kyber Network. Kyber Network is a decentralized, on-chain liquidity protocol designed to make trading tokens simple, efficient, robust and secure.
Kyber design allows any party to contribute to an aggregated pool of liquidity within each blockchain while providing a single endpoint for takers to execute trades using the best rates available. We envision a connected liquidity network that facilitates seamless, decentralized cross-chain token swaps across Kyber based networks on different chains.
Kyber is a fully on-chain liquidity protocol that enables decentralized exchange of cryptocurrencies in any application. Liquidity providers (Reserves) are integrated into one single endpoint for takers and users. When a user requests a trade, the protocol will scan the entire network to find the reserve with the best price and take liquidity from that particular reserve.

1.INTRODUCTION

DeFi applications all need access to good liquidity sources, which is a critical component to provide good services. Currently, decentralized liquidity is comprised of various sources including DEXes (Uniswap, OasisDEX, Bancor), decentralized funds and other financial apps. The more scattered the sources, the harder it becomes for anyone to either find the best rate for their trade or to even find enough liquidity for their need.
Kyber is a blockchain-based liquidity protocol that aggregates liquidity from a wide range of reserves, powering instant and secure token exchange in any decentralized application.
The protocol allows for a wide range of implementation possibilities for liquidity providers, allowing a wide range of entities to contribute liquidity, including end users, decentralized exchanges and other decentralized protocols. On the taker side, end users, cryptocurrency wallets, and smart contracts are able to perform instant and trustless token trades at the best rates available amongst the sources.
The Kyber Network is project based on the Ethereum protocol that seeks to completely decentralize the exchange of crypto currencies and make exchange trustless by keeping everything on the blockchain.
Through the Kyber Network, users should be able to instantly convert or exchange any crypto currency.

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT KYBER NETWORK PROTOCOL

The Kyber Network is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly — no waiting and no registration needed.
Using this protocol, developers can build innovative payment flows and applications, including instant token swap services, ERC20 payments, and financial DApps — helping to build a world where any token is usable anywhere.
Kyber’s fully on-chain design allows for full transparency and verifiability in the matching engine, as well as seamless composability with DApps, not all of which are possible with off-chain or hybrid approaches. The integration of a large variety of liquidity providers also makes Kyber uniquely capable of supporting sophisticated schemes and catering to the needs of DeFi DApps and financial institutions. Hence, many developers leverage Kyber’s liquidity pool to build innovative financial applications, and not surprisingly, Kyber is the most used DeFi protocol in the world.
The Kyber Network is quite an established project that is trying to change the way we think of decentralised crypto currency exchange.
The Kyber Network has seen very rapid development. After being announced in May 2017 the testnet for the Kyber Network went live in August 2017. An ICO followed in September 2017, with the company raising 200,000 ETH valued at $60 million in just one day.
The live main net was released in February 2018 to whitelisted participants, and on March 19, 2018, the Kyber Network opened the main net as a public beta. Since then the network has seen increasing growth, with network volumes growing more than 500% in the first half of 2019.
Although there was a modest decrease in August 2019 that can be attributed to the price of ETH dropping by 50%, impacting the overall total volumes being traded and processed globally.
They are developing a decentralised exchange protocol that will allow developers to build payment flows and financial apps. This is indeed quite a competitive market as a number of other such protocols have been launched.
In Brief - Kyber Network is a tool that allows anyone to swap tokens instantly without having to use exchanges. - It allows vendors to accept different types of cryptocurrency while still being paid in their preferred crypto of choice. - It’s built primarily for Ethereum, but any smart-contract based blockchain can incorporate it.
At its core, Kyber is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly–no waiting and no registration needed. To do this Kyber uses a diverse set of liquidity pools, or pools of different crypto assets called “reserves” that any project can tap into or integrate with.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
All this swapping happens directly on the Ethereum blockchain, meaning every transaction is completely transparent.

1.1.1 WHY BUILD THE KYBER NETWORK?

While crypto currencies were built to be decentralized, many of the exchanges for trading crypto currencies have become centralized affairs. This has led to security vulnerabilities, with many exchanges becoming the victims of hacking and theft.
It has also led to increased fees and costs, and the centralized exchanges often come with slow transfer times as well. In some cases, wallets have been locked and users are unable to withdraw their coins.
Decentralized exchanges have popped up recently to address the flaws in the centralized exchanges, but they have their own flaws, most notably a lack of liquidity, and often times high costs to modify trades in their on-chain order books.

Some of the Integrations with Kyber Protocol
The Kyber Network was formed to provide users with a decentralized exchange that keeps everything right on the blockchain, and uses a reserve system rather than an order book to provide high liquidity at all times. This will allow for the exchange and transfer of any cryptocurrency, even cross exchanges, and costs will be kept at a minimum as well.
The Kyber Network has three guiding design philosophies since the start:
  1. To be most useful the network needs to be platform-agnostic, which allows any protocol or application the ability to take advantage of the liquidity provided by the Kyber Network without any impact on innovation.
  2. The network was designed to make real-world commerce and decentralized financial products not only possible but also feasible. It does this by allowing for instant token exchange across a wide range of tokens, and without any settlement risk.
  3. The Kyber Network was created with ease of integration as a priority, which is why everything runs fully on-chain and fully transparent. Kyber is not only developer-friendly, but is also compatible with a wide variety of systems.

1.1.2 WHO INVENTED KYBER?

Kyber’s founders are Loi Luu, Victor Tran, Yaron Velner — CEO, CTO, and advisor to the Kyber Network.

1.1.3 WHAT DISTINGUISHES KYBER?

Kyber’s mission has always been to integrate with other protocols so they’ve focused on being developer-friendly by providing architecture to allow anyone to incorporate the technology onto any smart-contract powered blockchain. As a result, a variety of different dapps, vendors, and wallets use Kyber’s infrastructure including Set Protocol, bZx, InstaDApp, and Coinbase wallet.
Besides, dapps, vendors, and wallets, Kyber also integrates with other exchanges such as Uniswap — sharing liquidity pools between the two protocols.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
Limit orders on Kyber allow users to set a specific price in which they would like to exchange a token instead of accepting whatever price currently exists at the time of trading. However, unlike with other exchanges, users never lose custody of their crypto assets during limit orders on Kyber.
The Kyber protocol works by using pools of crypto funds called “reserves”, which currently support over 70 different ERC20 tokens. Reserves are essentially smart contracts with a pool of funds. Different parties with different prices and levels of funding control all reserves. Instead of using order books to match buyers and sellers to return the best price, the Kyber protocol looks at all the reserves and returns the best price among the different reserves. Reserves make money on the “spread” or differences between the buying and selling prices. The Kyber wants any token holder to easily convert one token to another with a minimum of fuss.

1.2 KYBER PROTOCOL

The protocol smart contracts offer a single interface for the best available token exchange rates to be taken from an aggregated liquidity pool across diverse sources. ● Aggregated liquidity pool. The protocol aggregates various liquidity sources into one liquidity pool, making it easy for takers to find the best rates offered with one function call. ● Diverse sources of liquidity. The protocol allows different types of liquidity sources to be plugged into. Liquidity providers may employ different strategies and different implementations to contribute liquidity to the protocol. ● Permissionless. The protocol is designed to be permissionless where any developer can set up various types of reserves, and any end user can contribute liquidity. Implementations need to take into consideration various security vectors, such as reserve spamming, but can be mitigated through a staking mechanism. We can expect implementations to be permissioned initially until the maintainers are confident about these considerations.
The core feature that the Kyber protocol facilitates is the token swap between taker and liquidity sources. The protocol aims to provide the following properties for token trades: ● Instant Settlement. Takers do not have to wait for their orders to be fulfilled, since trade matching and settlement occurs in a single blockchain transaction. This enables trades to be part of a series of actions happening in a single smart contract function. ● Atomicity. When takers make a trade request, their trade either gets fully executed, or is reverted. This “all or nothing” aspect means that takers are not exposed to the risk of partial trade execution. ● Public rate verification. Anyone can verify the rates that are being offered by reserves and have their trades instantly settled just by querying from the smart contracts. ● Ease of integration. Trustless and atomic token trades can be directly and easily integrated into other smart contracts, thereby enabling multiple trades to be performed in a smart contract function.
How each actor works is specified in Section Network Actors. 1. Takers refer to anyone who can directly call the smart contract functions to trade tokens, such as end-users, DApps, and wallets. 2. Reserves refer to anyone who wishes to provide liquidity. They have to implement the smart contract functions defined in the reserve interface in order to be registered and have their token pairs listed. 3. Registered reserves refer to those that will be cycled through for matching taker requests. 4. Maintainers refer to anyone who has permission to access the functions for the adding/removing of reserves and token pairs, such as a DAO or the team behind the protocol implementation. 5. In all, they comprise of the network, which refers to all the actors involved in any given implementation of the protocol.
The protocol implementation needs to have the following: 1. Functions for takers to check rates and execute the trades 2. Functions for the maintainers to registeremove reserves and token pairs 3. Reserve interface that defines the functions reserves needs to implement
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1.3 KYBER CORE SMART CONTRACTS

Kyber Core smart contracts is an implementation of the protocol that has major protocol functions to allow actors to join and interact with the network. For example, the Kyber Core smart contracts provide functions for the listing and delisting of reserves and trading pairs by having clear interfaces for the reserves to comply to be able to register to the network and adding support for new trading pairs. In addition, the Kyber Core smart contracts also provide a function for takers to query the best rate among all the registered reserves, and perform the trades with the corresponding rate and reserve. A trading pair consists of a quote token and any other token that the reserve wishes to support. The quote token is the token that is either traded from or to for all trades. For example, the Ethereum implementation of the Kyber protocol uses Ether as the quote token.
In order to search for the best rate, all reserves supporting the requested token pair will be iterated through. Hence, the Kyber Core smart contracts need to have this search algorithm implemented.
The key functions implemented in the Kyber Core Smart Contracts are listed in Figure 2 below. We will visit and explain the implementation details and security considerations of each function in the Specification Section.

1.4 HOW KYBER’S ON-CHAIN PROTOCOL WORKS?

Kyber is the liquidity infrastructure for decentralized finance. Kyber aggregates liquidity from diverse sources into a pool, which provides the best rates for takers such as DApps, Wallets, DEXs, and End users.

1.4.1 PROVIDING LIQUIDITY AS A RESERVE

Anyone can operate a Kyber Reserve to market make for profit and make their tokens available for DApps in the ecosystem. Through an open reserve architecture, individuals, token teams and professional market makers can contribute token assets to Kyber’s liquidity pool and earn from the spread in every trade. These tokens become available at the best rates across DApps that tap into the network, making them instantly more liquid and useful.
MAIN RESERVE TYPES Kyber currently has over 45 reserves in its network providing liquidity. There are 3 main types of reserves that allow different liquidity contribution options to suit the unique needs of different providers. 1. Automated Price Reserves (APR) — Allows token teams and users with large token holdings to have an automated yet customized pricing system with low maintenance costs. Synthetix and Melon are examples of teams that run APRs. 2. Fed Price Reserves (FPR) — Operated by professional market makers that require custom and advanced pricing strategies tailored to their specific needs. Kyber alongside reserves such as OneBit, runs FPRs. 3. Bridge Reserves (BR) — These are specialized reserves meant to bring liquidity from other on-chain liquidity providers like Uniswap, Oasis, DutchX, and Bancor into the network.

1.5 KYBER NETWORK ROLES

There Kyber Network functions through coordination between several different roles and functions as explained below: - Users — This entity uses the Kyber Network to send and receive tokens. A user can be an individual, a merchant, and even a smart contract account. - Reserve Entities — This role is used to add liquidity to the platform through the dynamic reserve pool. Some reserve entities are internal to the Kyber Network, but others may be registered third parties. Reserve entities may be public if the public contributes to the reserves they hold, otherwise they are considered private. By allowing third parties as reserve entities the network adds diversity, which prevents monopolization and keeps exchange rates competitive. Allowing third party reserve entities also allows for the listing of less popular coins with lower volumes. - Reserve Contributors — Where reserve entities are classified as public, the reserve contributor is the entity providing reserve funds. Their incentive for doing so is a profit share from the reserve. - The Reserve Manager — Maintains the reserve, calculates exchange rates and enters them into the network. The reserve manager profits from exchange spreads set by them on their reserves. They can also benefit from increasing volume by accessing the entire Kyber Network. - The Kyber Network Operator — Currently the Kyber Network team is filling the role of the network operator, which has a function to adds/remove Reserve Entities as well as controlling the listing of tokens. Eventually, this role will revert to a proper decentralized governance.

1.6 BASIC TOKEN TRADE

A basic token trade is one that has the quote token as either the source or destination token of the trade request. The execution flow of a basic token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for ETH as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 1 ETH to the protocol contract, and would like to receive BAT in return. 2. Protocol contract queries the first reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 3. Reserve 1 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 800 BAT. 4. Protocol contract queries the second reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 5. Reserve 2 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 820 BAT. 6. This process goes on for the other reserves. After the iteration, reserve 2 is discovered to have offered the best ETH to BAT exchange rate. 7. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to reserve 2. 8. The reserve sends 820 BAT to the taker.

1.7 TOKEN-TO-TOKEN TRADE

A token-to-token trade is one where the quote token is neither the source nor the destination token of the trade request. The exchange flow of a token to token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for DAI as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 50 BAT to the protocol contract, and would like to receive DAI in return. 2. Protocol contract sends 50 BAT to the reserve offering the best BAT to ETH rate. 3. Protocol contract receives 1 ETH in return. 4. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to the reserve offering the best ETH to DAI rate. 5. Protocol contract receives 30 DAI in return. 6. Protocol contract sends 30 DAI to the user.

2.KYBER NETWORK CRYSTAL (KNC) TOKEN

Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is an ERC-20 utility token and an integral part of Kyber Network.
KNC is the first deflationary staking token where staking rewards and token burns are generated from actual network usage and growth in DeFi.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is the backbone of the Kyber Network. It works to connect liquidity providers and those who need liquidity and serves three distinct purposes. The first of these is to collect transaction fees, and a portion of every fee collected is burned, which keeps KNC deflationary. Kyber Network Crystals (KNC), are named after the crystals in Star Wars used to power light sabers.
The KNC also ensures the smooth operation of the reserve system in the Kyber liquidity since entities must use third-party tokens to buy the KNC that pays for their operations in the network.
KNC allows token holders to play a critical role in determining the incentive system, building a wide base of stakeholders, and facilitating economic flow in the network. A small fee is charged each time a token exchange happens on the network, and KNC holders get to vote on this fee model and distribution, as well as other important decisions. Over time, as more trades are executed, additional fees will be generated for staking rewards and reserve rebates, while more KNC will be burned. - Participation rewards — KNC holders can stake KNC in the KyberDAO and vote on key parameters. Voters will earn staking rewards (in ETH) - Burning — Some of the network fees will be burned to reduce KNC supply permanently, providing long-term value accrual from decreasing supply. - Reserve incentives — KNC holders determine the portion of network fees that are used as rebates for selected liquidity providers (reserves) based on their volume performance.

Finally, the KNC token is the connection between the Kyber Network and the exchanges, wallets, and dApps that leverage the liquidity network. This is a virtuous system since entities are rewarded with referral fees for directing more users to the Kyber Network, which helps increase adoption for Kyber and for the entities using the Network.
And of course there will soon be a fourth and fifth uses for the KNC, which will be as a staking token used to generate passive income, as well as a governance token used to vote on key parameters of the network.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) was released in a September 2017 ICO at a price around $1. There were 226,000,000 KNC minted for the ICO, with 61% sold to the public. The remaining 39% are controlled 50/50 by the company and the founders/advisors, with a 1 year lockup period and 2 year vesting period.
Currently, just over 180 million coins are in circulation, and the total supply has been reduced to 210.94 million after the company burned 1 millionth KNC token in May 2019 and then its second millionth KNC token just three months later.
That means that while it took 15 months to burn the first million KNC, it took just 10 weeks to burn the second million KNC. That shows how rapidly adoption has been growing recently for Kyber, with July 2019 USD trading volumes on the Kyber Network nearly reaching $60 million. This volume has continued growing, and on march 13, 2020 the network experienced its highest daily trading activity of $33.7 million in a 24-hour period.
Currently KNC is required by Reserve Managers to operate on the network, which ensures a minimum amount of demand for the token. Combined with future plans for burning coins, price is expected to maintain an upward bias, although it has suffered along with the broader market in 2018 and more recently during the summer of 2019.
It was unfortunate in 2020 that a beginning rally was cut short by the coronavirus pandemic, although the token has stabilized as of April 2020, and there are hopes the rally could resume in the summer of 2020.

2.1 HOW ARE KNC TOKENS PRODUCED?

The native token of Kyber is called Kyber Network Crystals (KNC). All reserves are required to pay fees in KNC for the right to manage reserves. The KNC collected as fees are either burned and taken out of the total supply or awarded to integrated dapps as an incentive to help them grow.

2.2 HOW DO YOU GET HOLD OF KNC TOKENS?

Kyber Swap can be used to buy ETH directly using a credit card, which can then be used to swap for KNC. Besides Kyber itself, exchanges such as Binance, Huobi, and OKex trade KNC.

2.3 WHAT CAN YOU DO WITH KYBER?

The most direct and basic function of Kyber is for instantly swapping tokens without registering an account, which anyone can do using an Etheruem wallet such as MetaMask. Users can also create their own reserves and contribute funds to a reserve, but that process is still fairly technical one–something Kyber is working on making easier for users in the future.

2.4 THE GOAL OF KYBER THE FUTURE

The goal of Kyber in the coming years is to solidify its position as a one-stop solution for powering liquidity and token swapping on Ethereum. Kyber plans on a major protocol upgrade called Katalyst, which will create new incentives and growth opportunities for all stakeholders in their ecosystem, especially KNC holders. The upgrade will mean more use cases for KNC including to use KNC to vote on governance decisions through a decentralized organization (DAO) called the KyberDAO.
With our upcoming Katalyst protocol upgrade and new KNC model, Kyber will provide even more benefits for stakeholders. For instance, reserves will no longer need to hold a KNC balance for fees, removing a major friction point, and there will be rebates for top performing reserves. KNC holders can also stake their KNC to participate in governance and receive rewards.

2.5 BUYING & STORING KNC

Those interested in buying KNC tokens can do so at a number of exchanges. Perhaps your best bet between the complete list is the likes of Coinbase Pro and Binance. The former is based in the USA whereas the latter is an offshore exchange.
The trading volume is well spread out at these exchanges, which means that the liquidity is not concentrated and dependent on any one exchange. You also have decent liquidity on each of the exchange books. For example, the Binance BTC / KNC books are wide and there is decent turnover. This means easier order execution.
KNC is an ERC20 token and can be stored in any wallet with ERC20 support, such as MyEtherWallet or MetaMask. One interesting alternative is the KyberSwap Android mobile app that was released in August 2019.
It allows for instant swapping of tokens and has support for over 70 different altcoins. It also allows users to set price alerts and limit orders and works as a full-featured Ethereum wallet.

2.6 KYBER KATALYST UPGRADE

Kyber has announced their intention to become the de facto liquidity layer for the Decentralized Finance space, aiming to have Kyber as the single on-chain endpoint used by the majority of liquidity providers and dApp developers. In order to achieve this goal the Kyber Network team is looking to create an open ecosystem that garners trust from the decentralized finance space. They believe this is the path that will lead the majority of projects, developers, and users to choose Kyber for liquidity needs. With that in mind they have recently announced the launch of a protocol upgrade to Kyber which is being called Katalyst.
The Katalyst upgrade will create a stronger ecosystem by creating strong alignments towards a common goal, while also strengthening the incentives for stakeholders to participate in the ecosystem.
The primary beneficiaries of the Katalyst upgrade will be the three major Kyber stakeholders: 1. Reserve managers who provide network liquidity; 2. dApps that connect takers to Kyber; 3. KNC holders.
These stakeholders can expect to see benefits as highlighted below: Reserve Managers will see two new benefits to providing liquidity for the network. The first of these benefits will be incentives for providing reserves. Once Katalyst is implemented part of the fees collected will go to the reserve managers as an incentive for providing liquidity.
This mechanism is similar to rebates in traditional finance, and is expected to drive the creation of additional reserves and market making, which in turn will lead to greater liquidity and platform reach.
Katalyst will also do away with the need for reserve managers to maintain a KNC balance for use as network fees. Instead fees will be automatically collected and used as incentives or burned as appropriate. This should remove a great deal of friction for reserves to connect with Kyber without affecting the competitive exchange rates that takers in the system enjoy. dApp Integrators will now be able to set their own spread, which will give them full control over their own business model. This means the current fee sharing program that shares 30% of the 0.25% fee with dApp developers will go away and developers will determine their own spread. It’s believed this will increase dApp development within Kyber as developers will now be in control of fees.
KNC Holders, often thought of as the core of the Kyber Network, will be able to take advantage of a new staking mechanism that will allow them to receive a portion of network fees by staking their KNC and participating in the KyberDAO.

2.7 COMING KYBERDAO

With the implementation of the Katalyst protocol the KNC holders will be put right at the heart of Kyber. Holders of KNC tokens will now have a critical role to play in determining the future economic flow of the network, including its incentive systems.
The primary way this will be achieved is through KyberDAO, a way in which on-chain and off-chain governance will align to streamline cooperation between the Kyber team, KNC holders, and market participants.
The Kyber Network team has identified 3 key areas of consideration for the KyberDAO: 1. Broad representation, transparent governance and network stability 2. Strong incentives for KNC holders to maintain their stake and be highly involved in governance 3. Maximizing participation with a wide range of options for voting delegation
Interaction between KNC Holders & Kyber
This means KNC holders have been empowered to determine the network fee and how to allocate the fees to ensure maximum network growth. KNC holders will now have three fee allocation options to vote on: - Voting Rewards: Immediate value creation. Holders who stake and participate in the KyberDAO get their share of the fees designated for rewards. - Burning: Long term value accrual. The decreasing supply of KNC will improve the token appreciation over time and benefit those who did not participate. - Reserve Incentives:Value creation via network growth. By rewarding Kyber reserve managers based on their performance, it helps to drive greater volume, value, and network fees.

2.8 TRANSPARENCY AND STABILITY

The design of the KyberDAO is meant to allow for the greatest network stability, as well as maximum transparency and the ability to quickly recover in emergency situations. Initally the Kyber team will remain as maintainers of the KyberDAO. The system is being developed to be as verifiable as possible, while still maintaining maximum transparency regarding the role of the maintainer in the DAO.
Part of this transparency means that all data and processes are stored on-chain if feasible. Voting regarding network fees and allocations will be done on-chain and will be immutable. In situations where on-chain storage or execution is not feasible there will be a set of off-chain governance processes developed to ensure all decisions are followed through on.

2.9 KNC STAKING AND DELEGATION

Staking will be a new addition and both staking and voting will be done in fixed periods of times called “epochs”. These epochs will be measured in Ethereum block times, and each KyberDAO epoch will last roughly 2 weeks.
This is a relatively rapid epoch and it is beneficial in that it gives more rapid DAO conclusion and decision-making, while also conferring faster reward distribution. On the downside it means there needs to be a new voting campaign every two weeks, which requires more frequent participation from KNC stakeholders, as well as more work from the Kyber team.
Delegation will be part of the protocol, allowing stakers to delegate their voting rights to third-party pools or other entities. The pools receiving the delegation rights will be free to determine their own fee structure and voting decisions. Because the pools will share in rewards, and because their voting decisions will be clearly visible on-chain, it is expected that they will continue to work to the benefit of the network.

3. TRADING

After the September 2017 ICO, KNC settled into a trading price that hovered around $1.00 (decreasing in BTC value) until December. The token has followed the trend of most other altcoins — rising in price through December and sharply declining toward the beginning of January 2018.
The KNC price fell throughout all of 2018 with one exception during April. From April 6th to April 28th, the price rose over 200 percent. This run-up coincided with a blog post outlining plans to bring Bitcoin to the Ethereum blockchain. Since then, however, the price has steadily fallen, currently resting on what looks like a $0.15 (~0.000045 BTC) floor.
With the number of partners using the Kyber Network, the price may rise as they begin to fully use the network. The development team has consistently hit the milestones they’ve set out to achieve, so make note of any release announcements on the horizon.

4. COMPETITION

The 0x project is the biggest competitor to Kyber Network. Both teams are attempting to enter the decentralized exchange market. The primary difference between the two is that Kyber performs the entire exchange process on-chain while 0x keeps the order book and matching off-chain.
As a crypto swap exchange, the platform also competes with ShapeShift and Changelly.

5.KYBER MILESTONES

• June 2020: Digifox, an all-in-one finance application by popular crypto trader and Youtuber Nicholas Merten a.k.a DataDash (340K subs), integrated Kyber to enable users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies without having to leave the application. • June 2020: Stake Capital partnered with Kyber to provide convenient KNC staking and delegation services, and also took a KNC position to participate in governance. • June 2020: Outlined the benefits of the Fed Price Reserve (FPR) for professional market makers and advanced developers. • May 2020: Kyber crossed US$1 Billion in total trading volume and 1 Million transactions, performed entirely on-chain on Ethereum. • May 2020: StakeWith.Us partnered Kyber Network as a KyberDAO Pool Master. • May 2020: 2Key, a popular blockchain referral solution using smart links, integrated Kyber’s on-chain liquidity protocol for seamless token swaps • May 2020: Blockchain game League of Kingdoms integrated Kyber to accept Token Payments for Land NFTs. • May 2020: Joined the Zcash Developer Alliance , an invite-only working group to advance Zcash development and interoperability. • May 2020: Joined the Chicago DeFi Alliance to help accelerate on-chain market making for professionals and developers. • March 2020: Set a new record of USD $33.7M in 24H fully on-chain trading volume, and $190M in 30 day on-chain trading volume. • March 2020: Integrated by Rarible, Bullionix, and Unstoppable Domains, with the KyberWidget deployed on IPFS, which allows anyone to swap tokens through Kyber without being blocked. • February 2020: Popular Ethereum blockchain game Axie Infinity integrated Kyber to accept ERC20 payments for NFT game items. • February 2020: Kyber’s protocol was integrated by Gelato Finance, Idle Finance, rTrees, Sablier, and 0x API for their liquidity needs. • January 2020: Kyber Network was found to be the most used protocol in the whole decentralized finance (DeFi) space in 2019, according to a DeFi research report by Binance. • December 2019: Switcheo integrated Kyber’s protocol for enhanced liquidity on their own DEX. • December 2019: DeFi Wallet Eidoo integrated Kyber for seamless in-wallet token swaps. • December 2019: Announced the development of the Katalyst Protocol Upgrade and new KNC token model. • July 2019: Developed the Waterloo Bridge , a Decentralized Practical Cross-chain Bridge between EOS and Ethereum, successfully demonstrating a token swap between Ethereum to EOS. • July 2019: Trust Wallet, the official Binance wallet, integrated Kyber as part of its decentralized token exchange service, allowing even more seamless in-wallet token swaps for thousands of users around the world. • May 2019: HTC, the large consumer electronics company with more than 20 years of innovation, integrated Kyber into its Zion Vault Wallet on EXODUS 1 , the first native web 3.0 blockchain phone, allowing users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies in a decentralized manner without leaving the wallet. • January 2019: Introduced the Automated Price Reserve (APR) , a capital efficient way for token teams and individuals to market make with low slippage. • January 2019: The popular Enjin Wallet, a default blockchain DApp on the Samsung S10 and S20 mobile phones, integrated Kyber to enable in-wallet token swaps. • October 2018: Kyber was a founding member of the WBTC (Wrapped Bitcoin) Initiative and DAO. • October 2018: Developed the KyberWidget for ERC20 token swaps on any website, with CoinGecko being the first major project to use it on their popular site.

Full Article

submitted by CoinEx_Institution to kybernetwork [link] [comments]

Anonymity & Cryptocurrency: A Few Tips On How To Keep Your Privacy

Unfortunately, anonymity isn’t something that you think about as being valuable. But as Edward Snowden points out in one of his interviews, “Arguing that you don’t care about the right to privacy because you have nothing to hide is no different than saying you don’t care about free speech because you have nothing to say.”
https://preview.redd.it/a2t5wii1wnj41.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=df6889e510a2a0b231614636d0b6c1ac7be7e2c4
Many people are going up against online anonymity, mainly because it has the potential to enable and encourage undesirable behavior or illegal activity. State institutions and corporations are trying to limit the ability to use networks without authorization, allegedly in an attempt to increase security.
Meanwhile, there is no doubt that private information that falls into the wrong hands can be used for mean purposes in many ways. Dozens of examples truly highlight the need for online anonymity today. Without it, people’s lives can easily be ruined forever.
Financial and personal freedom are the main reasons why people started using cryptocurrencies. But using Bitcoin itself can not guaranty anonymity. They are not linked to a person or identity, so the name, e-mail or physical address can’t be found in the transaction. But public addresses we use publically recorded on the blockchain, so a person can be tracked down using this information and ID.
Here are some methods to keep your identity safe.
Use logless VPN
Virtual Private Network encrypts all of your Internet traffic and routes it through multiple servers at different locations before arriving at the final location. Using a VPN is one of the simplest ways to cover your digital tracks. Logless VPN services don’t store the history of your activities, some of them provide one IP address for several users, making it difficult to isolate one person among them.
It is highly recommended to avoid US/UK-based VPN services due to strict surveillance regimes in these countries.
Also, you should keep in mind that some exchangers’ security systems treating logging into an account with numerous different country IPs as suspicious which can lead to blocking your account.
Register a separate email
Never use personal or working email for the needs of the crypto. If hackers gain access to it that can ruin your life in many aspects at once.
A significant advantage will be the use of burner emails such as Guerrilla Mail and Temp Mail, or highly protected services like ProtonMail or Tutanota.
Don’t forget about common security rules such as using a strong password that contains different case letters, numbers and symbols. Keeping passwords and keys on your devices is definitely not safe, better write it down in an old-fashioned pen-paper way.
Create new blockchain address
Make new addresses for every single transaction you make. More than half of all transactions in the BTC network go through wallets that have been in use at least once. Over time this practice will build up a list of transactions associated with one wallet. Using some manipulations those transactions could be easily associated with a real-world identity as well as your wallet could be simply hacked and robbed.
Avoid KYC and AML using services
Know Your Client is a policy used by many companies in which each client is required to provide credentials such as ID documents to use a company’s service. Anti-Money Laundry consists of KYC procedures and ongoing risk assessment and monitoring of transactions. Such actions are implemented in the best interest of protecting users of cryptocurrency platforms but left no chance to stay anonymous.
Nowadays most of the crypto markets and exchanges require passing identity verification due to the growing control from the state institutions. However, there are some that allow you to remain anonymous unless you are withdrawing a large amount (Binance, Bitfinex, KuCoin, etc.). In such circumstances, decentralized exchanges seem like a good option.
Use Anonymity-Centric Cryptocurrencies
As mentioned earlier, blockchain analysis based on knowledge of the amount and time of the sent transaction allows hackers to attack user’s wallets and gain access to their data. As a reaction to this was developing coins with anonymity as the main priority.
At the moment, Monero is the most popular of the anonymity-centric cryptocurrencies. It has a complex of cryptographical tools for obfuscating traces of the original transaction. Its RingCT Protocol hides the sender, recipient and transfers amounts. After the transaction is completed, it is signed and receives a time-stamp using a ring signature, where collected group’s public keys, but the private key of the specific sender is not displayed.
Another private currency’s Dash work is based on the CoinJoin technology. The idea of the process is very simple: several transactions are mixed into one, so it is impossible to determine what amounts were transferred and by whom.
Zcash currency uses the Zero-Knowledge Proof commitment scheme to validate transactions without revealing information about them. Protocol, called Zk-SNARKs, comprises three algorithms that generate proof and verification keys, calculate the proof and verify the authenticity of the secret information. The obvious drawback of this mechanism is extremely massive complex calculations that require enormous capacity.
Even if complete anonymity seems not possible, following the above rules will help you avoid a lot of trouble.
You should be extra meticulous in the process of choosing currency and an exchanger, keeping in mind where and what personal information you provide.
If you need to exchange your coins private and without registration – StealthEX is here for you. Just go to http://stealthex.io and choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. Then follow these easy steps:
✔ Choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. For example ETH to BTC.
✔ Press the “Start exchange” button.
✔ Provide the recipient address to which the coins will be transferred.
✔ Move your cryptocurrency for the exchange.
✔ Receive your coins.
Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get StealthEX.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us via [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
submitted by Stealthex_io to StealthEX [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to algotrading [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency and Blockchain – Industry News – (07.05.19 – 07.12.19)

Total Market Cap, as of 07.12.19 at 12:00pm (PST): U.S. $320,641,857,854 (+ 0.47%)

Missed last week’s update? Click here

STORY OF THE WEEK

• Japanese cryptocurrency exchange Bitpoint has suspended services due to a 3.5 billion-yen (U.S. $32 million) hack on its hot wallets. Of the 3.5 billion yen, 2.5 billion were customer funds.

CRYPTOCURRENCY TRADING SERVICES

KuCoin launches KuMEX, a platform offering bitcoin derivatives (perpetual contracts) with leverage up to 20x.
Shapeshift launches custodial platform to allow users to trade crypto whilst having full custody of his/her own private keys.
• On July 8th, 2019, Polish crypto exchange BitMarket abruptly shuts down citing liquidity issues.
Binance lowers ethereum and erc-20 block confirmations down from 30 to 12 for deposits and withdrawals to and from the platform. Bitcoin transactions are down from 2 to 1.
Poloniex launches fiat-to-crypto trading and credit card purchases for crypto.
Binance launches margin trading for Bitcoin (BTC), Binance Coin (BNB), Ethereum (ETH), XRP, Tether (USDT), and Tron (TRX). The platform will initially support up to 3x leverage, with the intention to eventually offer up to 20x leverage.

REGULATION

India’s Ministry of Home Affairs to offer specialized trading sessions dubbed “Investigation of Cases Involving Cryptocurrencies” to help law enforcement combat cryptocurrency related scams.
The Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (IRAS) proposes a Goods and Sales Tax (GST) exemption scheduled to go into effect on January 1st, 2020 for cryptocurrencies that are designed as a medium of exchange.
Blockstack becomes the first to receive approval from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to move forward with its token offering under a Reg A+ listing.
• Amendments to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act of Canada require Canadian and foreign platforms dealing with cryptocurrency to implement full-scale compliance procedures and to report all deposits and withdrawals that are CA $10,000 or more.

TECHNOLOGY

Samsung releases an ethereum software development kit (SDK) for android developers. The kit provides tools to make it easier to build decentralized applications and the ability to leverage a payment gateway for cryptocurrency remittances.

INSTITUTIONALIZATION

• No significant developments this week pertaining to institutional players in the space

PEOPLE

Fidelity Digital Assets updates its hiring board to onboard 10 blockchain based job positions. Specifically, the firm is looking for a vice president, director, leading software engineer, blockchain software engineer, product designer and various other roles.
Bitstamp hires ex. Gemini compliance executive Caitlin Barnett to serve as its new U.S. Chief Compliance Officer.

TWITTER

@realDonaldTrump– “I am not a fan of Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies, which are not money, and whose value is highly volatile and based on thin air. Unregulated Crypto Assets can facilitate unlawful behavior, including drug trade and other illegal activity....”
@jespow – “If you study crypto, you will find much to agree with. Crypto is about personal responsibility and choice. It is about free markets and competition. It is about mathematical, verifiable, perfectly enforceable regulation. Crypto is to commerce what Twitter is to speech: democracy.”
@APompliano – “It’s a store of value” — Jerome Powell, Chairman of the Federal Reserve talking to the Senate Banking Committee about Bitcoin THE VIRUS IS SPREADING 🔥”
submitted by Edmund_N to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency and Blockchain – Industry News – (07.05.19 – 07.12.19)

Total Market Cap, as of 07.12.19 at 12:00pm (PST): U.S. $320,641,857,854 (+ 0.47%)

Missed last week’s update? Click here

STORY OF THE WEEK

• Japanese cryptocurrency exchange Bitpoint has suspended services due to a 3.5 billion-yen (U.S. $32 million) hack on its hot wallets. Of the 3.5 billion yen, 2.5 billion were customer funds.

CRYPTOCURRENCY TRADING SERVICES

KuCoin launches KuMEX, a platform offering bitcoin derivatives (perpetual contracts) with leverage up to 20x.
Shapeshift launches custodial platform to allow users to trade crypto whilst having full custody of his/her own private keys.
• On July 8th, 2019, Polish crypto exchange BitMarket abruptly shuts down citing liquidity issues.
Binance lowers ethereum and erc-20 block confirmations down from 30 to 12 for deposits and withdrawals to and from the platform. Bitcoin transactions are down from 2 to 1.
Poloniex launches fiat-to-crypto trading and credit card purchases for crypto.
Binance launches margin trading for Bitcoin (BTC), Binance Coin (BNB), Ethereum (ETH), XRP, Tether (USDT), and Tron (TRX). The platform will initially support up to 3x leverage, with the intention to eventually offer up to 20x leverage.

REGULATION

India’s Ministry of Home Affairs to offer specialized trading sessions dubbed “Investigation of Cases Involving Cryptocurrencies” to help law enforcement combat cryptocurrency related scams.
The Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (IRAS) proposes a Goods and Sales Tax (GST) exemption scheduled to go into effect on January 1st, 2020 for cryptocurrencies that are designed as a medium of exchange.
Blockstack becomes the first to receive approval from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to move forward with its token offering under a Reg A+ listing.
• Amendments to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act of Canada require Canadian and foreign platforms dealing with cryptocurrency to implement full-scale compliance procedures and to report all deposits and withdrawals that are CA $10,000 or more.

TECHNOLOGY

Samsung releases an ethereum software development kit (SDK) for android developers. The kit provides tools to make it easier to build decentralized applications and the ability to leverage a payment gateway for cryptocurrency remittances.

INSTITUTIONALIZATION

• No significant developments this week pertaining to institutional players in the space

PEOPLE

Fidelity Digital Assets updates its hiring board to onboard 10 blockchain based job positions. Specifically, the firm is looking for a vice president, director, leading software engineer, blockchain software engineer, product designer and various other roles.
Bitstamp hires ex. Gemini compliance executive Caitlin Barnett to serve as its new U.S. Chief Compliance Officer.

TWITTER

@realDonaldTrump– “I am not a fan of Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies, which are not money, and whose value is highly volatile and based on thin air. Unregulated Crypto Assets can facilitate unlawful behavior, including drug trade and other illegal activity....”
@jespow – “If you study crypto, you will find much to agree with. Crypto is about personal responsibility and choice. It is about free markets and competition. It is about mathematical, verifiable, perfectly enforceable regulation. Crypto is to commerce what Twitter is to speech: democracy.”
@APompliano – “It’s a store of value” — Jerome Powell, Chairman of the Federal Reserve talking to the Senate Banking Committee about Bitcoin THE VIRUS IS SPREADING
submitted by Edmund_N to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to btc [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to BitcoinSerious [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to eos [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to BitcoinStocks [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to ArgenBitcoin [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to CoinTelegraph [link] [comments]

[hiring] Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Sophonex team is also hiring backend developer. Please email to [[email protected]]([email protected]), if you're interested to learn more about the role.
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to Jobs4Bitcoins [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to u/Sophonex [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to ethtrader [link] [comments]

Make crypto trading frictionless and free.

SophonEX — a commission-free crypto to crypto exchange, for the decentralized community.
SophonEX is a group of programming geeks, previously working for Facebook, Google, KCG, JP Morgan, etc. ‘Digital natives’ could be a pretty fit description for us. The majority of our founding team members are veterans of ACM-ICPC and TopCoder competitions, with great enthusiasm in coding, data structure, algorithm and mathematics
When we first came across bitcoin’s technical paper, we were fascinated by its engineering beauty and philosophy depth. From there, we start to imagine a decentralized world where trust doesn’t comes with a charge, and trade doesn’t comes with a commission. After months of sophisticated design, it’s no longer a dream… It becomes real, in SophonEX.
Get priority access
Want more details about our team? → Team Profile

Mission

Make crypto trading frictionless and free. We believe that charging per-trade commission (no matter 0.1% or a staggering 3%) is evil in the decentralized world. Decentralized services need to be commission-free; and this spreading freedom is beneficial to the human society.

Our Values — How we do things around our offices?

Why make SophonEX?

The time when the founding team came to know and started researching on bitcoin whitepaper can be dated back to the mid of 2017. At the end of that year, we initiated a quantitative fund, focusing on the bitcoin arbitrage across different exchanges worldwide. Our fund size (prop + LP invested) is about ~3000 BTC in maximum, and we traded across nearly 20 exchanges, including: BitFlyer, Coincheck, Quoinex(liquid), Zaif, Fisco, Binance, Bitfinex, GDAX(coinbase pro), Gate.io, Huobi.pro, OKEX, Poloniex, Kraken, Bithumb, Bitstamp, HitBTC.
We wrote the arbitrage and quant trading system mainly in C++, and deployed it on multiple AWS ECs to colocate with these exchange servers. Our fund trading system is highly performant and reliable, making tens of thousands of orders per day. This high performance and reliability brings us to top5 in terms of 24-hr volume in the ranking.
Despite of the success, it is also due to the 10-month trading experience, we came to realize the facts that all the de facto crypto exchanges share several similar flaws, which we concludes as below:
In light of this, we are dedicated to creating a brand-new crypto exchange with zero commission, high engineering quality and best security from the design. We’re still a centralized exchange with the cutting-edge and up-to-date engineering standards. Whereas the SophonEX team is conceiving a roadmap to gradually switch to a hybrid, and then fully decentralized exchange in the near future.
SophonEX project was kicked off in June 2018, and aims to officially launch in March 2019. Prelaunch registration is available now: Priority access
submitted by Sophonex to BitcoinMalaysia [link] [comments]

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[ad_1] Proceedings from yesterday’s hack of cryptocurrency exchange Binance have been moved to seven addresses, crypto news outlet The Block reports on May 9. The breach resulted in about 7,074 bitcoins (BTC) — worth nearly $42.8 million at press time — being stolen from the exchange’s hot wallet. The transaction had 44 outputs, 21 of … Der Kauf von Krypto wie Bitcoin und Ether ist so einfach wie die Überprüfung Ihrer Identität, das Hinzufügen einer Zahlung und das Klicken auf "Kaufen". Melden Sie sich noch heute für unser Portemonnaie an. Brieftasche erstellen. Handel mit Krypto an der Börse. Unsere in die Blockchain Wallet integrierte Börse ist ein One-Stop-Shop, in dem Sie in wenigen Minuten Geld einzahlen und ... For those holding one of Binance’s various ‘VIP’ status levels, the exchange will offer a free ‘promotion’ to the next level up for free until May 22. As Bitcoinist reported , despite gaining some negative publicity over a brief plan to conduct a reorg of the Bitcoin blockchain, Zhao and Binance have appeared to succeed in quashing market fears over the robustness of one of its ... Bitcoin hack 2017 how to earn free bitcoins with proof - how to get free bitcoins Hack ex more free bitcoins every 5 min! use an iframe compat browser, deer FREE BITCOINS GENERATOR BTC GENERATOR FREE BTC HACK [NEW OCTOBER 2017 + PROOF] Hello guys, i see that freebitco. in is what you are Free Bitcoins How to get Free Bitcoins Bitcoins Hack Bitcoin Hack Generator Free Bitcoins ... [ad_1] Hackers stole bitcoin worth $41m from Binance, one of the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchanges, the latest in a string of thefts around the world. The 7,000 bitcoins were withdrawn by hackers using a variety of techniques, “including phishing, viruses and other attacks”, according to a post on Binance’s website by Chief Executive Officer Zhao … You can avail a free bitcoin wallet online from Coinbase. However, ... There are so many websites online that can help you get free Bitcoins. The idea is quite simple, users simply need to visit some websites online, and by spending some time over there, they can get some Bitcoins for free. It is something like watching free TV and also getting paid for that. It is not always just about ads ... Cryptotab script, free bitcoins, methods to earn free bitcoins, methods to earn bitcoins, cryptotab hack, bitsler script, bitcoin source, methods to get bitcoins, bitcoin miner 2019, methods to mine bitcoins, cryptotab script 2019, cryptotab eight btc, bitcoin hack, cryptotab, btc earn, hack btc, cryptocurrency, freebitco.in, blockchain hack, 1000 bitcoin, bitcoin game show 2019, bitcoin miner ... Cybercriminals can’t hack the blockchain, so they prey on natural human weaknesses. Like the wish to own more Bitcoins. And, preferably, to get them cheaply. Or for free. Unfortunately, some of the newer scams are more sophisticated than the good old “Give me your Private Keys and Receive 10 Bitcoins” email. Here are a few strategies that ... 10 btc script 2020 adbtc.top script addresses bitcoin bitcoin gambling script bitcoin script channel bitcoin script official blockchain blockchain unconfirmed btc script btc earning script btc hack script 2020 btc hack script 2020 free btc mining script 2020 cancel unconfirmed bitcoin transaction Crack easy free bitcoin 2020 freebitcoin multiply btc script FUNDS hack private key bitcoin ... [ Direct download link (Windows)] Bitcoin Mining Hack V1 WITH DOWNLOAD FREE latest tool available on internet, it's working and have a lot of built in safety tools. This program will do the job as you expect. Bitcoin Mining Hack V1 WITH DOWNLOAD FREE has built in latest VPN system, this program is completely anonymous and wont cause you any problems at all.

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¡Increíble Hack de 7 mil Bitcoins a Binance solo costo 69$!

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